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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 42-45

An investigator-initiated study of gemcitabine and capecitabine in Indian patients with unresectable or metastatic gallbladder cancer

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Shalby Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Medical Oncology, Bhagwan Mahaveer Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudhir Palsaniya
Department of Medical Oncology, Shalby Hospital, Jaipur - 302 021, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/oji.oji_8_22

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Background: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) has a high incidence rate in the Indo-Gangetic belt and is usually presented in the unresectable advanced or metastatic stage. In this study, we evaluated the response rate and toxicities of the gemcitabine plus capecitabine (GEM-CAP)-based combination chemotherapy in unresectable or metastatic GBC patients. Subjects and Methods: This was an investigator-initiated, single-arm, prospective study conducted on unresectable or metastatic GBC patients at Jaipur, India, for 1 year. All the patients received a GEM-CAP combination chemotherapy regimen which consisted of gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 intravenously over 30 min on days 1 and 8 and capecitabine at 800 mg/m2 orally twice a day for 14 days, administered every 21 days. The response was evaluated in terms of overall response rate (ORR), tumor control rate (TCR), and progression-free survival (PFS). Both quantitative and qualitative toxicities were assessed. Results: A total of 35 patients were enrolled, of which 3 patients were excluded due to treatment interruption. The mean age of patients was 55 (32–80) years, with the majority being female (77.14%), having an ECOG score of 1 (71.43%), and with Stage IVB disease (77.14%). The ORR was 25%, TCR was 50%, and median PFS was 4 months. Major toxicities noted were Grade I and II hematological and nonhematological toxicities, which were managed adequately. Conclusion: The combination therapy of gemcitabine and capecitabine is reasonable, feasible, and well-tolerated approach for the treatment of unresectable advanced and metastatic GBC patients, a disease that had limited treatment options.

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