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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 47-50

Diagnostic utility of touch imprint cytology in the evaluation of intraabdominal tumors

1 Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Surgical Oncology, Hemalata Cancer Hospitals and Research Centre, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Kumar Adhya
Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar-751019, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/oji.oji_25_18

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Objectives: Touch imprint cytology (TIC) of biopsy specimen can be utilized for a rapid on-site evaluation of tumors. Its usefulness for intraoperative diagnosis is well known. We evaluated the advantages and limitations of TIC of trucut biopsies of intraabdominal tumors. Materials and Methods: TIC was obtained in 42 consecutive cases of intraabdominal masses. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of TIC were evaluated by comparing it with the final biopsy diagnosis. Results: The study included retroperitoneal tumors (13 cases, 30.95%), liver mass (11 cases, 26.19%), gall bladder mass (4 cases, 9.53%), pelvic mass (3 cases, 7.14%), iliac bone mass (2 cases, 4.76%), mesenteric nodule (4 cases, 9.53%), kidney mass (3 cases, 7.14%), and 1 case (2.38%) each of epigastric mass and loin mass. Thirty-two (76.19%) cases were diagnosed as malignant and 10 (23.81%) cases were diagnosed as benign/negative on TIC. The overall sensitivity was 87.88%, the specificity was 77.78%, the positive predictive value was 93.55%, and the negative predictive value was 63.60%. The accuracy of the test was 85.71%.Conclusions: TIC is a simple and cost-effective method that aids in the diagnostic evaluation of tumors. It is fairly accurate with high positive predictive value and hence can be used as an adjunct to the biopsy diagnosis.

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